Haiven, Max. 2016. “The Commons Against Neoliberalism, the Commons of Neoliberalism, the Commons Beyond Neoliberalism.” In The Handbook of Neoliberalism, edited by Simon Springer, Kean Birch, and Julie MacLeavy, 271–83. London and New York: Routledge.
This chapter explores the rise of the rhetoric and the reality of the commons within, against and beyond neoliberalism. Beginning with a historicization of the commons and an assessment of its viability as a global term the chapter proceeds to develop some ideological and strategic distinctions regarding the role and potential of the commons under current forms of capitalist accumulation. It suggests that we are now amidst a moment of enclosure 3.0, where even the ideals and processes of commoning are being conscripted to the reproduction of capital and proposes a framework for rethinking the commons as both material and immaterial.